Denmark’s parliament adopted a new climate law on Friday June, 18th. With this law,
- Denmark strives to reach 70% reduction of climate gas emissions until 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050.
- Emissions are compared to 1990 level, and should fall steeply very soon.
- New legally-binding targets will be set every five years, with a ten-year perspective. The first of these will be set in 2020.
- The law includes a robust monitoring system.
It took half a year to get the law accepted in the very diverse Danish parliament.
Over the next 2-6-12 months, the parliament will negotiate how to achieve this goal, i.e. to decide on a “Climate Action Plan” for the next 10 years.
Obviously, in order to achieve these CO2-reductions, all sectors (Electricity/Heating, Transportation, Industry, Agriculture etc.) will have to contribute with large reductions.
It is almost certain that a large part of the reductions will be achieved with large expansion of offshore wind farms and large solar panels.
It is very likely that the few remaining coal-burning power plants will be closed, and fossil gas will be replaced by electricity (heat pumps), biogas and/or geothermal energy.
It is very likely that biogas-production will be increased (based on waste from household and farming industry).
Also, it is very likely that some of the reductions will be achieved with Power-to-X technologies (with hydrogen and other gas/liquid fuels), to decarbonize industry and transportation sector (e.g. shipping, aviation)
It is somewhat likely, that some efforts will go into Carbon Capture/CCS (from burning of biomass or waste, or from cement production) and/or by Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCUS)
In Denmark, initiatives are currently engaging for a full stop for new oil/gas-exploration in the North See. It now seems likely that this will be successful.